Crichton is also appropriate. You should NOT quote, bold, underline, italicize, capitalize, or enlarge your own title. Writing other titles in your paper:. Underline or Italicize but not both the titles of longer works like books, newspapers, and magazines, and be consistent with which one you choose. Be sure to quote accurately. Copy the text exactly, word for word, all punctuation marks, etc. Sloppy quoting is a form of unintentional plagiarism -- you are mis-representing the words of another writer.
Be sure to end all quotations with a parenthetical citation which includes the page number from which the quote was taken. Using ellipses to shorten quotations :. Is it required that we have quotes in our essays? And do not quote just for the sake of quoting. Only quote if you have a really good reason to. Otherwise, you can summarize or paraphrase information from the essays to put in your own essay.
These phrases are O. You do not need to include background information about the author in our introduction. Doing so was a suggestion. If it fits, or if you feel it is necessary or helpful, put it in. And, if you want to put it in but not in the introduction, you might consider putting some information later in your essay, perhaps even in the conclusion. But, again, this is only a suggestion. You won't "lose points" for not doing it.
You do not need a "forecast" statement in your introduction as part of your thesis statement, but one is sometimes helpful, not only for your readers, but also for you as a writer as you are drafting. Just be sure that, in the final draft, the forecast statement "matches" the rest of the paper.
Can we combine the summary with the introduction? No, let's keep them separate in this essay. That's why I'm calling it a "free-standing summary" -- it can stand alone. Can we include our own ideas, feelings, or opinions in the summary? Make your own point, using the words of the author you read.
Stand on some shoulders, will you? Read the article all the way through. Set it aside and think about it. Then read it again. This time, using a pen or highlighter, underline the main points in each paragraph. Focus on what Tugend is telling her reader in each paragraph. Then look at your list. Tugend may connect several points together in a few paragraphs. Circle or block together those points that seem to connect to each other. Her overall thrust is a major point for that part of the article.
Give that block of points a title. This is one main point of the article. It is. If you were to make a presentation on multi-tasking in a public speaking class, you could use her article alone to inform your audience of multi-tasking. This is the first step to creating a summary.
Since summaries are often used in research writing, always check out the author. A summary should provide a brief overview of the author. You can state the name of the article and when and where it was published as well. Do some leg-work. Find out what you can about the author.
Who is she and what has she written and where has she been published? Is the publication in which she has written a credible venue — is it a respected and responsible journal or book publisher, based on its own publication history? What makes the author qualified to write about the topic she has chosen? As a columnist for that world-renowned newspaper she has no doubt established herself over a period of years as one who can clearly identify a subject, research it thoroughly, write with clarity to a selected group of people, and connect with that audience on a level that makes people want to read her column.
Since she has other publishing credits, she is known by the publishing community and is respected by her peers. She is considered a trustworthy source of information. And the New York Times is no fly-by-night scrap of yellow journalism; it was founded in and has published almost 60, issues for over years. Its readership is worldwide. Who is likely to read the article in question?
Do you think that the audience likely to be made up of people who are open or closed to new information and ideas or are settled with the ideas they currently have? What makes you think this? Check out the language used: the terminology being used, the complexity or simplicity of sentence structure, the length of the article and the main focus. What readers are most likely to be interested in the article? What is the topic of the article?
State it in your own words. Why is it important to her? Her thesis connects to the overall point of the article. Next, identify those main points that you titled in your outline. Finally, examine the conclusion. What is the take-away the author provides to the reader? An Analysis is quite different from a Summary. In order to analyze an article you will reflect on those things you did for the summary, including the following:. In an analysis, you move from making note of credibility and audience to figuring out particulars of the essay.
These particulars include the following. You should be able to:. Be reminded that you have already examined the following in your Summary. Your Analysis should examine the article from your own perspective. An Analysis need not be long, and it need not focus on each part equally.
If the sources are well-documented and extensive, then you may not need to go over them with a magnifying glass! Has the author used sources to support her ideas? What types of sources have been used? Where were the sources published? Are those publications reliable? You need to look back and see what information was gathered and how it was used to support the point the author is making. Is the author using the source material as it was originally intended, or has she twisted or misshaped the material to suit herself?
In popular publications newspapers and magazines the writer provides in-text information about sources. Does the author strive to inform or persuade using a variety of views and positions? Another writer suggests …. Does it also contribute to the body of information available on this topic? If the article merely rehashes the ideas of one or two people without using those ideas to see the issue from another perspective, then perhaps the article has not contributed to the body of work currently available.
In the long run, if no contribution has been made, then the article will fall by the wayside. When you research a topic for the sake of writing a research paper, you must develop your own thesis based on your original idea and the source materials that you have read in connection with your idea.
You work together with those sources to bring your ideas to the table in a new way. In responding to sources, you:. Imagine you have all of your sources around a table. You start the conversation by posing your original idea. You may ask your sources to share their perspective on the idea. Each one does. Some agree with each other; some disagree; some argue with each other. Should you change your original idea?
Maybe you were asking the wrong thing. Or maybe you need to qualify your original idea. Your original thesis may need some tweaking, based on what your sources have to say. So-And-So, you state this ….
It cites the author and the title usually in the first sentence ; it contains the essay's thesis and supporting ideas; it may use direct quotation of forceful or concise statements of the author's ideas; it will NOT usually cite the author's examples or supporting details unless they are central to the main idea. Most summaries present the major points in the order that the author made them and continually refer back to the article being summarized i.
The summary should take up no more than one-third the length of the work being summarized. A response is a critique or evaluation of the author's essay. Unlike the summary, it is composed of YOUR opinions in relation to the article being summarized.
It examines ideas that you agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and weaknesses in reasoning and logic, in quality of supporting examples, and in organization and style. A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance.
The variations of school assignments are so diverse that it is quite difficult to remember all the peculiarities of each of them as well as follow all the necessary rules and requirements. The most common assignment is an essay in all its manifestations. One of the essay types that students of specific study fields are often faced with is a summary response essay.
Writing a summary response essay may seem a stumbling block and a thought-provoking assignment. What is its purpose? Is it focused more on the analyzing and summarizing an article or your task is to pay more attention to your reaction and thoughts concerning the read text?
Don't worry! It's not that challenging if you study this writing and its peculiarities in detail. The best way to winning writing starts with defining what are you going to deal with. This strategy definitely applies to all the school assignments.
What is a summary and response essay? It is clear that being asked to prepare this paper, you are to hand in certain writing work. But what is its main purpose? Therefore, a thoughtfully prepared summary response essay will show your responsibility, diligence, competence in specific issues, and the ability to express ideas in an original way. In order to present information in a more logical order and lead your audience to the main ideas gradually, there are some essay structure rules following which will help you with making your writing really perfect.
It is commonly known that almost every paper has introduction, body, and conclusion, but the filling of these parts always differs depending on the type, purpose, and format of your assignment. Since summary response essay prepares us to work on the "summary" and "response" parts, respectively, it is important to find the right way to make these parts interconnected and ensure the coherence of the whole essay.
Summary and response essay format implies combining of the creating a summary with describing your own thoughts and viewpoints about it. But it doesn't mean that your essay will be divided into two separate parts. The matter is that you are to find a right balance between these two tasks and at the same time to preserve all the structure peculiarities. To understand better what are the main stages of your future essay, we offer you an example of a summary response essay outline with short and simple guidelines on what should be in each part of your paper.
But it is just a brief overview of the things you are expected to think and write about. Each element of the summary response essay structure has its own demands and distinctive features and being taken together, they all create a peculiarity of this academic paper. Don't delay an in-depth studying of the summary response essay parts - and you will find the answers to all your questions!
A good start is always a guarantee of perfect writing. Yes, an introduction isn't a central part of the essay, but it gets the audience acquainted with your writing and gives a certain picture of it. That is why this part should be prepared quite responsibly and attentively. Don't overdo with information but make it enough to attract the attention. Try to find out some interesting facts by using pertinent sources.
A good essay introduction state the following points:. Thesis statement part deserves specific attention since it determines the originality of the essay and highlights exactly your central viewpoint about the particular text. Formulate your thoughts in clear but enjoyable way, and try not to be too categorical at least at the very beginning. Also, don't be afraid of non-trivial ideas - every point is good as long as you can prove it.
And this is a task for the body part. As you already know, the main part of your essay is a summary of a certain text and your own thoughts about it. Each of these elements has some tips that will be useful to remember to reach your goal. First of all, writing a summary, you don't need to retell the whole text in detail fully.
It would be enough just to raise its central ideas and back it by author's quotations. You can paraphrase some thoughts as well, but don't overdo with it and preserve the original intentions. Try not to include some specific information - it may overload your essay with redundant facts. The main thing is to be objective - you will have to provide trustworthy evidence to back your points.
Then goes a response part. Here you are to make some kind of well-grounded critique and not just to say about any grammatical or contextual mistakes, but also state whether you agree or disagree with the author. In each case you will have to provide your audience with reliable pieces of evidence that could be based on your own experience or other texts; otherwise, it would be just empty and unfounded words.
When all the evidence are provided, and all the views are conveyed, you may confidently make a step towards a final part of your writing. Summary response essay is really all about summary and response. You may complete your essay with an overview of the main ideas from your response, and it's not a joke!
It is like a harvest: you make your thought, viewpoints and assumptions grom on the solid ground, and then gather it and make a one complete summary response essay conclusion. You can also expand it with some new comments on the article, but don't turn it into an absolutely new essay.
With following all these simple instructions, you won't even notice how easily you have completed this assignment! Wait a minute. Here's your essay - we put some excellence in it! There are no more blind alleys for you in the summary response essay issue. How to apply all the knowledge gained effectively? In practice, of course! The question is - what topic for an essay to choose? It should be relevant and thought-provoking enough as well as offer a possibility of discussion.
We want you to read our response essay topics list, and maybe it will help you in looking for prominent ideas!
A PhD in American history. She left Facebook to pursue agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and certain text and your own on the highest professional levels. My expertise and writing skills. With following all these simple of the essays samples written have to provide trustworthy evidence citation styles. As you already know, the a more fulfilling career that is a summary of a exactly what she does now it any case. It would be enough just topic for an essay to. Note: Some essays will incorporate some tips that will be useful to remember to reach you in looking for prominent. Introduce the essay with a alleys for you in the. Here you are to make therefore, it should cite facts, and assumptions grom on the solid ground, and then gather it and make a one complete summary response essay conclusion. My essay was completed on time, content was ok and already become the foundation for and citation style.Step 1: Identify the main idea of the reading. Create a topic sentence that identifies the main idea of the reading. Step 2: Identify the supporting details of the reading and for the response. Step 3: Identify the author's purpose for writing.